Lozenge Composition with Yellow, Black, Blue, Red, and Gray

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Lozenge Composition with Yellow, Black, Blue, Red, and Gray
1921. Oil on canvas, 60.1 x 60.1 cm (23 5/8 x 23 5/8")

Although Piet Mondrian's abstractions seem far removed from nature, his basic vision is rooted in landscape, especially the flat topography of his native Holland. In Lozenge Composition, Mondrian reoriented a square support to produce a dynamic relationship between the composition and the diagonals of the edges. The fifth of sixteen diamond-shaped works, this deceptively simple painting reveals an exacting attention to subtle relations between lines, shapes, and colors. Mondrian hoped that his art would point the way to a utopian future in which the principles of universal harmony would be embodied in all facets of life and art. This was the goal of the De Stijl movement, first formulated in Holland around 1916-17 by Mondrian and a small group of like-minded artists and architects.

The Art Institute of Chicago

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